Annals of Medicine
Objective: Blood-based biomarkers provide a crucial information in the progress of neurodegenerative diseases with a minimally invasive sampling method. Validated blood-based biomarker application in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis would derive numerous benefits. Canine degenerative myelopathy is a naturally occurring animal disease model to study the biology of human amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Serum derived exosomes are potential carriers for cell-specific cargoes making them ideal venue to study biomarkers for a variety of diseases and biological processes. This study assessed the exosomal proteins that may be assigned as surrogate biomarker that may reflect biochemical changes in the central nervous system.
Methods: Exosomes were isolated from canine serum using commercial exosome isolation reagents. Exosomes target proteins contents were analyzed by the Western blotting method.
Results: The profiles of potential biomarker candidates in spinal cord homogenate and that of serum-derived exosomes were found elevated in dogs with degenerative myelopathy as compared to control subjects.
Conclusions: Serum-derived exosomal biomolecules can serve as surrogate biomarkers in neurodegenerative diseases.KEY MESSAGESA canine with degenerative myelopathy can serve as a model animal to study human amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.Serum-derived exosomes contain Transactive Response DNA Binding Protein 43 (TDP-43), a potential biomarker candidate.The levels of spinal cord TDP-43 proteins and that of serum-derived exosomes exhibited similar profiling. Therefore, serum derived exosomes may be used as a venue for establishing blood-based biomarkers for neurodegenerative diseases.
TDP-43, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, biomarker, degenerative myelopathy, exosome
Pfeiffer P, Coates JR, Esqueda YM, Kennedy A, Getchell K, McLenon M, Kosa E, Agbas A. Exosomal TAR DNA Binding Protein 43 Profile in Canine Model of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Preliminary Study in Developing Vlood-Based Biomarker for Neurodegenerative Diseases. Annals of Medicine. 2023; 55(1). doi: 10.1080/07853890.2022.2153162.