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Annals of Medicine


Objective: Blood-based biomarkers provide a crucial information in the progress of neurodegenerative diseases with a minimally invasive sampling method. Validated blood-based biomarker application in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis would derive numerous benefits. Canine degenerative myelopathy is a naturally occurring animal disease model to study the biology of human amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Serum derived exosomes are potential carriers for cell-specific cargoes making them ideal venue to study biomarkers for a variety of diseases and biological processes. This study assessed the exosomal proteins that may be assigned as surrogate biomarker that may reflect biochemical changes in the central nervous system.

Methods: Exosomes were isolated from canine serum using commercial exosome isolation reagents. Exosomes target proteins contents were analyzed by the Western blotting method.

Results: The profiles of potential biomarker candidates in spinal cord homogenate and that of serum-derived exosomes were found elevated in dogs with degenerative myelopathy as compared to control subjects.

Conclusions: Serum-derived exosomal biomolecules can serve as surrogate biomarkers in neurodegenerative diseases.KEY MESSAGESA canine with degenerative myelopathy can serve as a model animal to study human amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.Serum-derived exosomes contain Transactive Response DNA Binding Protein 43 (TDP-43), a potential biomarker candidate.The levels of spinal cord TDP-43 proteins and that of serum-derived exosomes exhibited similar profiling. Therefore, serum derived exosomes may be used as a venue for establishing blood-based biomarkers for neurodegenerative diseases.



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TDP-43, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, biomarker, degenerative myelopathy, exosome