Toxicity of a Serotonin-Derived Neuromelanin
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction (POCD) is associated with increased mortality in the elderly and may occur from lipid peroxidation in aging. We previously showed that sevoflurane sequesters acrolein, which promotes the formation of a novel species of a putative neuromelanin. The current study examined the properties of this serotonin-derived melanoid (SDM). The interaction of SDM with unilamellar vesicles (ULVs) was examined using lipid membrane probes. Vesicle disruption was investigated by leakage of dye from calcein-loaded ULVs. We observed that SDM decreased diphenyl-hexatriene fluorescence anisotropy and increased the temperature-dependent change in anisotropy. SDM changed the absorbance of merocyanin-bound ULVs. SDM increased detergent-mediated calcein leakage. SDM structure was dramatically altered upon interaction with ULVs. We also observed that SDM enhanced detergent-mediated leakage of loaded ULVs, suggesting that SDM may be neurotoxic. We propose that inhalational agents, which sequester acrolein, may promote the production of certain species of neuromelanin that depletes local serotonin and enhances neuronal vulnerability.
Acrolein, Inhaled anesthetics, Neuromelanin, Neurotoxicity, Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction, Serotonin, Unilamellar vesicles
Miller ED, Fibuch EE, Seidler NW. Toxicity of a Serotonin-Derived Neuromelanin. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 2010; 391(2). doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.12.085.