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Dental Materials


Objectives: Adhesive analysis, under the scanning electron microscope of microtensile specimens that failed through the adhesive interface, was conducted to evaluate the amount of voids present at the axial versus gingival cavity walls of class II composite restorations restored under in vivo and in vitro conditions.

Methods: Five patients received class II resin composite restorations, under in vivo and in vitro conditions. A total of 14 premolar teeth yielded 59 (n=59) microtensile adhesive specimens that fractured through the adhesive interface. The fractured surfaces of all specimens were examined and the % area of voids was measured.

Results: Voids at the adhesive joint were highly predictive of bond strengths. An increase in the number of voids resulted in a decrease in the microtensile bond strength. The area of voids at the adhesive interface was as follows: in vivo axial 13.6+/-25.6% (n=12); in vivo gingival 48.8+/-29.2% (n=12); in vitro axial 0.0+/-0.0% (n=19) and in vitro gingival 11.7+/-17.6% (n=16).

Significance: Composite resin may bond differently to dentin depending upon the amount of voids and the cavity wall involved. The bond to the gingival wall was not as reliable as the bond to the axial wall. An increase in the amount of surface voids was a major factor for reducing microtensile bond strengths of adhesive to dentin.



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Dental bonding, Dental cavity preparation, Dental restoration failure, Dentin ultrastructure microscopy, Mechanical, Micro-tensile bond test, Stress, Void analysis