Pregnancy-related pain in the sacroiliac joint (SIJ), lumbosacral region, pubic symphysis, or in any combination of these joints has been coined as pelvic girdle pain (PGP) and has been estimated to affect almost half of all pregnant women. SIJ dysfunction in pregnancy is due to multiple biomechanical mechanisms, such as increased weight, change in posture, increased abdominal and intrauterine pressure, and laxity of the spine and pelvic structures. Moreover, when compared to men, women have increased SIJ mobility due to increased pubic angle and decreased SIJ curvature. These differences may assist in parturition where hormones, such as relaxin and estrogen, cause symphysiolysis. A retrospective review of the literature was conducted in the PubMed database using the search term "pregnancy-related sacroiliac joint pain." All peer-reviewed studies were included. Around 8%-10% of women with PGP continue to have pain for one to two years postpartum. Patients that were treated with SIJ fusion show statistically significant improvement in pain scores when compared to patients that had non-operative treatment. Although we have a number of studies following patients after sacroiliac (SI) joint fusion for pelvic pain with SI joint dysfunction, further research is needed to study sacroiliac fusion for SI joint dysfunction in postpartum women to better tailor and optimize surgical outcomes for this patient population.
etiologies for sacroiliitis, joint disease, pelvic girdle pain, pregnancy-related complaint, symphysiolysis
Fiani B, Sekhon M, Doan T, Bowers B, Covarrubias C, Barthelmass M, De Stefano F, Kondilis A. Sacroiliac Joint and Pelvic Dysfunction Due to Symphysiolysis in Postpartum Women. Cureus. 2021; 13(10). doi: 10.7759/cureus.18619.