Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a common general surgery procedure, with over a million laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed in the United States annually. A rare presentation, which may be encountered incidentally during surgery, is torsion of the gallbladder. Gallbladder torsion is encountered in 0.01% of all patients with acute cholecystitis. It should be considered in the differential diagnosis of elderly female patients presenting with symptoms of acute or chronic cholecystitis. In this case report, we discuss the incidental finding of gallbladder torsion during laparoscopic cholecystectomy in an 82-year-old female admitted to the hospital with symptoms of cholecystitis. Preoperative CT imaging revealed a chronic, large hiatal hernia and a dilated gallbladder containing heterogeneous densities, possibly related to sludge. During the operation, a necrotic, torsed gallbladder and long cystic duct were found. A laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed and the remainder of the patient's hospital course was uncomplicated. Intraoperatively, our patient was found to have torsion of the gallbladder. Preoperative lab values revealed mild hyponatremia, hypokalemia, and hypochloremia with normal liver enzymes, bilirubin, and alkaline phosphatase levels. This is consistent with documented cases, as typically the biliary tree is not obstructed. Additionally, preoperative imaging rarely reveals the diagnosis. Prompt detorsion and cholecystectomy should be performed to prevent gangrene and perforation. Gallbladder torsion can result in perforation if not quickly identified and treated. We recommend prompt laparoscopic detorsion and cholecystectomy to prevent perforation.
acute cholecystitis, biliary surgery, cholecystitis, chronic cholecystitis, detorsion, elderly, gallbladder torsion, gallbladder volvulus, laparoscopic cholecystectomy, laparoscopy
Doxey S, Nawabi P, Pagnotta C, Smith S, Harper C, Gazzetta J. Incidental Finding of Gallbladder Torsion During Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. Cureus. 2021; 13(9). doi: 10.7759/cureus.18058.