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Surgical Neurology International


Background: Stroke risk has been attributed to many pathological and behavioral conditions. Various modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors have been recognized and found consistent throughout epidemiological studies. Herein, we investigate the effect of comorbidities seen with patient's suffering from ischemic stroke and its effect on in-hospital mortality.

Methods: We identified patients >18 year old in the National Inpatient Sample database with diseases of interest utilizing the tenth International Classification of Disease 10 diagnostic codes from the years 2016 to 2018. Interval data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Post hoc analysis was performed using Bonferroni correction methods. To determine independent predictors of in-hospital mortality, odds ratios were calculated using binary logistic regression for each comorbidity. Descriptive and numerical statistics, imputation, and logistic regression were calculated using SPSS software version 25.

Results: Patients hospitalized with ischemic stroke were found to have the following comorbidities: atrial fibrillation (7.5%), carotid artery stenosis (1.1%), diabetes mellitus type 2 (11.4%), congestive heart failure (CHF) (7.5%), essential hypertension (21.2%), and ischemic heart disease (IHD) (2.3%). In-hospital mortality rates were higher in patients hospitalized with ischemic stroke and concomitant IHD (28.2%, P < 0.001). Hospital length of stay was longest in patients with concomitant CHF (5.96 days, P < 0.001). Similarly, patients with CHF accrued the greatest in-hospital costs (69,174 USD, P < 0.001).

Conclusion: Patients hospitalized from ischemic stroke suffered from the coexistence of other comorbidities. Of the comorbidities studied, IHD was identified as having the most significant impact on in-hospital mortality.



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Atrial fibrillation, Carotid artery stenosis, Congestive heart failure, Diabetes mellitus, Ischemic heart disease