Impact of Statin Use on Overall and Time to Biochemical Failure Following Radical Prostatectomy or Radiation Therapy

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World Journal of Urology


Objectives: To assess the impact of statin use on overall and time to biochemical failure following primary treatment of localized prostate cancer (PCa).

Subjects/patients and methods: 1581 patients undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) or radiation therapy (RT) for primary treatment of PCa between July 2007 and January 2020 were evaluated for statin use, demographic/oncologic characteristics, and biochemical outcomes. Rate of biochemical failure (BF) was assessed overall and at 1, 3, and 5 years; time to BF was estimated with Kaplan-Meier. Logistic and linear regression were used to control for treatment modality and disease characteristics.

Results: The average age was 63.0 ± 7.5 years and median pre-treatment PSA was 6.55 (IQR 4.94). 1473 (93.2%) and 108 (6.8%) underwent RP and RT, respectively. RP patients were younger, had lower pre-PSA, lower BMI, and lower risk disease. At 3.4 ± 2.7 years follow-up, 323 (20.4%) experienced BF. When stratified by statin use, BF overall and within 1, 3, and 5 years were not different. Time to BF, was lower in patients using statins (1.8 ± 1.9 years vs. 2.4 ± 2.6 years; p = 0.016). These results persisted in multivariate analysis, wherein statin use was not associated with BF but was associated with a shorter time to BF.

Conclusion: Overall, statin use was not associated with a reduced risk of BF in RP or RT patients. However, for patients with BF, statin use was associated with a decreased time to BF. Future investigations are warranted to further elucidate the impact of statin use on PCa recurrence.



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Biochemical failure, Biochemical recurrence, Prostate cancer, Prostatectomy, Radiation, Statins