Impact of an Institution-Designed Algorithm for the Management of Dislodged Gastrostomy Tubes
Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Background: Gastrostomy tube (GT) dislodgement is a common reason for emergency department (ED) visits. We aim to assess the efficacy of our institution's algorithm in reducing surgical consultation and GT contrast studies for replacement of dislodged GT and to examine the need for operation before and after algorithm implementation.
Methods: A retrospective review was performed between March 2017-February 2018 (prealgorithm) and March 2018-December 2018 (postalgorithm) for patients <18 years presenting to the ED with GT dislodgement. Demographics and outcomes were analyzed.
Results: A total of 433 visits among 279 patients were included, 200 (46.2%) pre and 233 (53.8%) postalgorithm implementation. Median ED LOS was 2.1 h (IQR 1.4, 3.0). Surgery was consulted in 92 visits (21.3%) and a contrast study obtained in 287 (66.3%). The GT was replaced by ED providers in 363 visits (83.8%) and by surgery in 70 (16.2%). Surgical consultation increased postalgorithm (16.5% vs. 25.3%; p = 0.03). Six (1.4%) patients required reoperation, with 5 occurring postalgorithm, p = 0.22. For GTs placed < 8 weeks prior to the dislodgment, there were no differences in surgical consultations, contrast studies performed, or need for reoperation pre and postalgorithm.
Conclusion: An algorithm for replacement of dislodged GT is usable, effective, and increased surgical team involvement without significant changes in patient outcomes. TYPE OF STUDY: Treatment Study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III.
Emergency department, Gastrostomy tube (GT) dislodgement, Gastrostomy tube contrast study, Pediatrics
Osuchukwu O, Dekonenko C, Svetanoff WJ, Talukdar N, Schroeder LL, Michael JG, Bartlett J, Fraser JD. Impact of an Institution-Designed Algorithm for the Management of Dislodged Gastrostomy Tubes. Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 2021; 56(9). doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2020.12.009.