Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Para duodenal hernias, the most common type of retroperitoneal hernias, are thought to occur naturally from abnormal gut rotation because of fusion folds within the peritoneum. Retroperitoneal hernias are a rare postoperative complication and have not been described after renal transplantation via a retroperitoneal approach. This case report presents a 48-year-old male with intestinal obstruction after renal transplant due to herniation into the retroperitoneum via an incidentally created peritoneal defect. We suggest computed tomography with oral contrast be used in the early postoperative phase to assess for obstruction in patients with prolonged ileus of unclear etiology who have undergone retroperitoneal dissection. Small peritoneal defects should be closed during dissection. Larger, or multiple peritoneal defects should be extended to make a single, large defect to decrease the possibility of bowel herniating and becoming incarcerated.
Nawabi A, Kahle AC, King CD, Nawabi P. Small Bowel Obstruction Due to Retroperitoneal Hernia Following Renal Transplant: A Case Report. Journal of Surgical Case Reports. 2020; 2020(11). doi: 10.1093/jscr/rjaa467.