SOJ Nursing & Health Care
Purpose: Lay consultations can facilitate or impede healthcare. However, little is known about how lay consultations for symptom evaluation affect treatment decision-making. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of lay consultations in symptom evaluation prior to hospitalization among patients with heart failure.
Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 60 patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure. Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests, along with logistic regression were used to characterize lay consultations in this sample.
Results: A large proportion of patients engaged in lay consultations for symptom evaluation and decision-making before hospitalization. Lay consultants provided attributions and advice and helped make the decision to seek medical care. Men consulted more often with their spouse than women, while women more often consulted with adult children.
Conclusions: Findings have implications for optimizing heart failure self-management interventions, improving outcomes, and reducing hospital readmissions.
Heart Failure, Lay Consultations, Self Care
Reeder KM, Sims JL, Ercole PM, Shetty SS, Wallendorf M. Lay Consultations in Heart Failure Symptom Evaluation. SOJ Nursing & Health Care. 2017; 3(2). doi: 10.15226/2471-6529/3/2/00133.