Famine Exposure in Adolescence is Associated With a Higher Risk of Overweight/Obesity and Abdominal Obesity in Adulthood: A Meta-Analysis
Some studies have shown that famine exposure during adolescence can increase cardiovascular disease and diabetes susceptibility in later life. The association between famine exposure in adolescence and overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity in adulthood has been inconsistent. Based on previous studies, we hypothesized that famine exposure in adolescence increases the risk of overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity in adulthood. Eight databases, including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science, were searched from their inception until November 2021. We initially identified 3982 records and finally included 7 articles after screening. The included articles were of moderate to high quality, containing 16 estimates of overweight/obesity and 3 estimates of abdominal obesity. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% CIs were used to estimate the association between them. The random effects model was adopted as the pooling method. There was a significant association between famine exposure in adolescence and overweight/obesity in adulthood (OR, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.02-1.33). Adolescents exposed to famine had a greater risk of abdominal obesity in adulthood than their unexposed counterparts (OR, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.03-1.76). These results were more pronounced in females than in males. In summary, our meta-analysis indicates that famine exposure during adolescence increases the risk of overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity in adulthood. This suggests that we need to pay timely attention to the nutritional status of adolescents to prevent adverse health consequences of malnutrition. More high-quality studies are needed to confirm these conclusions, given the limitations of this study.
Abdominal obesity, Famine, Meta-analysis, Obesity, Overweight
Song Q, Li N, Sun C, Li Y, King B, Lowe S, Bentley R, Su W, Wang H, Guo X, Liang Q, Liang M, Qu G, Liu H, Ding X, Sun Y. Famine Exposure in Adolescence is Associated With a Higher Risk of Overweight/Obesity and Abdominal Obesity in Adulthood: A Meta-Analysis. Nutrition Research. 2022; 107. doi: 10.1016/j.nutres.2022.09.005.