Association Between Solid Fuel Combustion and Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
In recent years, many epidemiological studies have investigated the relationship between solid fuel combustion and diabetes mellitus (DM). This meta-analysis was performed to explore the potential association between solid fuel combustion and DM. A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify all relevant studies published prior to January 14, 2022. The pooled odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to estimate the effect of solid fuel combustion on DM. The I square value (I2) was used to assess heterogeneity. Due to the heterogeneity of the studies (I2 = 66.70%), a random-effect model was used as the pooling method. A total of 9 articles (10 available datasets) were used for this systematic review and meta-analysis, involving 45,620 study subjects. The results of the meta-analysis showed a statistically positive relationship between household solid fuel combustion and the risk of DM (OR = 1.46, 95% CI = 1.09-1.97). Subgroup analysis based on fuel type revealed a statistically significant association in the mixed solid fuel group (OR = 2.03, 95% CI = 1.59-2.59), but not in the single biomass group (OR = 1.04, 95% CI = 0.73-1.49). This meta-analysis suggests that solid fuel combustion may be associated with an increased risk of DM.
Biomass, Diabetes mellitus, Meta-analysis, Solid fuel, Systematic review
Li N, Su W, Wang H, Guo X, Liang Q, Song Q, Liang M, Ding X, Sun C, Lowe S, Bentley R, Zhou Z, Li Y, Sun Y. Association Between Solid Fuel Combustion and Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International. 2022; 29(52). doi: 10.1007/s11356-022-23299-9.