Objective: To describe the rate of vomiting from oral doxycycline 200 mg given the night before second trimester dilation and evacuation (D&E), proportion of anesthesia modalities, and anesthetic complications.
Study design: We conducted a single-institution retrospective cohort study of patients presenting for second trimester D&E (14-0/7 to 23-6/7 weeks gestation) July 1, 2019-June30, 2020 following their scheduled preoperative visit as identified by billing codes. We recorded vomiting within 30 minutes of ingestion, anesthetic modality, and anesthetic complications. We tested for associations using chi-square or Fisher's exact test for categorical variables and Wilcoxon-rank sum for non-normal numeric variables.
Results: We reviewed 702 charts, of which 461 (66%) met inclusion criteria and 420 (60%) took doxycycline as prescribed. Of those who took doxycycline as prescribed, 30 (7.14%) reported vomiting within 30 minutes of ingestion. Nulliparity, primigravida and age less than 30 were significantly associated with vomiting (p = 0.005, p < 0.001 and p = 0.03, respectively), but gestational age (p = 0.53), BMI (p = 0.93), and gastrointestinal conditions (p > 0.99) were not. Only gravidity (p < 0.001) and parity (p = 0.01) remained significant in each of their respective multivariate models. None of the 10 patients who received general endotracheal tube anesthesia (2.4%) had vomited from doxycycline preoperatively. We observed 5 (1.2%) anesthetic complications (postoperative nausea or vomiting, anaphylaxis, and aspiration) that occurred only in those without vomiting.
Conclusions: Vomiting rates following doxycycline were lower than those previously published. We found no significant association between doxycycline-associated vomiting and increased need for general endotracheal tube anesthesia or anesthetic complications; however, our study is underpowered to draw further conclusions.
Implications: The findings of this study are consistent with guidelines indicating deep sedation as an effective anesthetic modality with low complication rates. Nulliparous patients may benefit from administration of an antiemetic prior to doxycycline prophylaxis, but routine antiemetic use may not be necessary.
Dilation and evacuation, Doxycycline, Monitored anesthesia care, Vomiting
Weiss ME, Potter LA, Kamboj R, Ponzini MD, Wilson MD, Hou MY. Vomiting and Risk of Endotracheal Intubation Related to Preoperative Doxycycline Use for Dilation and Evacuation. Contraception. 2022; 115. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2022.06.002.