Aflibercept is a medication used to treat and manage neovascular age-related macular degeneration, diabetic macular edema, myopic choroidal neovascularization, macular edema associated with retinal vein occlusion, and diabetic retinopathy. It is in the vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) and placental growth factor (PlGF) antagonist class of medications. Aflibercept acts as a soluble protein decoy for VEGF receptors to inhibit the predominant signaling pathway responsible for angiogenesis and vascular leakage. Aflibercept and other anti-VEGF inhibitors have become the gold standard in controlling neovascular (wet) age-related macular degeneration (NVAMD).
Adams BS, Sorhaitz W, Stringham J. Aflibercept. [Updated 2022 Jul 5]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan-.