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Gastroparesis is a chronic and debilitating gastrointestinal disorder with few medical treatment options. Traditional surgical management has involved laparoscopic pyloromyotomy or gastric stimulation. In recent years, gastric peroral endoscopic myotomy (GPOEM) has become an attractive, less invasive option for patients with refractory gastroparesis. There is little information on the long-term clinical success of GPOEM in patients with refractory gastroparesis. This systematic review aims to evaluate the data on this procedure's long-term clinical efficacy and safety. A comprehensive literature review was done in PubMed, EMBASE, Ovid, and Google Scholar databases from the date of earliest entry in May 2017 up to August 15, 2022. The Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index (GCSI) score, adverse reaction, and length of stay were analyzed. Eleven studies were eligible for inclusion (900 patients), seven of the studies were retrospective, while four were prospective. The GCSI is a 6-point Likert scale questionnaire that assesses improvement in gastroparesis. An average decrease of GCSI by 1 point compared to baseline GCSI for all patients (described as clinical success) was found in 662 patients out of 713 (92.8%) at one-year follow-up, 421 out of 460 (91.5%) at two-year follow-up, 270 out of 270 (100%) at three-year follow-up, and 102 out of 102 (100%) at four-year follow-up. Adverse events occurred in 62 out of 835 patients (in nine studies), with two of the most frequent being bleeding and mucosal tears. GPOEM is an effective and safe treatment option for patients with refractory gastroparesis, with symptom improvement noted up to four years postoperatively.



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gastric peroral endoscopic myotomy, GCSI, GPOEM, gastric emptying, gastroparesis