Meningomyelocele Reconstruction: Comparison of Repair Methods via Systematic Review
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Purpose: The purpose of this article was to appraise the various methods of reconstruction for meningomyelocele (MMC) defects.
Methods: A systematic review of the literature was performed to evaluate all reconstructions for MMC. The method of reconstruction was categorized by: primary closure with and without fascial flaps, random pattern flaps, VY advancement flaps (VY), perforator flaps, and myocutaneous flaps. Perforator flaps were subsequently subcategorized based on the type of flap.
Results: Upon systematic review, 567 articles were screened with 104 articles assessed for eligibility. Twenty-nine articles were further reviewed and included for qualitative synthesis. Two hundred seventy patients underwent MMC repair. The lowest rates of major wound complications (MWC) were associated with myocutaneous and random pattern flaps. A majority of MWC was in the lumbrosacral/sacral region (87.5% of MWC). In this region, random patterns and perforator flaps demonstrated the lowest rate of MWC (4.5, 8.1%).
Conclusions: Plastic surgery consultation should be strongly considered for MMC with defects in the lumbosacral/sacral region. Perforator flaps are excellent options for the reconstruction of these defects.
Leach GA, Pflibsen LR, Roberts A, O'Connor MJ, Bristol RE, Mabee MK, Almader-Douglas D, Schaub TA. Meningomyelocele Reconstruction: Comparison of Repair Methods via Systematic Review. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. 2023; . doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000009675.