Spartan Medical Research Journal
Introduction: Institutional self-monitoring of cerebral aneurysm data should occur regularly. The objective of this retrospective single center study was to examine the reproducibility of a data collection and analytic method to examine cerebral aneurysm characteristics and trends.
Methods: A single center retrospective analysis was performed from 2018 to 2021 of the most recent 100 patient presentations with a newly diagnosed cerebral aneurysm. Data collection included patient demographics, radiographic features, ruptured or unruptured status, location, grading scale, treatment strategy, survival, and length of stay, which were extracted and presented in tabular form and analyzed for overall trends.
Results: Of the collected 100 patients meeting ICD-10 criteria, 10 (10%) patients were excluded due to having been previously diagnosed at the institution and not meeting the criteria of a new discovery of cerebral aneurysm for inclusion. The remaining 90 sample patients presented with newly diagnosed aneurysms to the authors' Emergency Department between 2018 and 2021. Most patients were between the ages of 25 and 65 with 55 (61%) patients identifying themselves as female sex. Of the 90 eligible sample patients, 59 (66%) had aneurysms that were not ruptured. Eighty-eight (97.7%) patients had cerebral aneurysms that were < 7mm in size. The most common location for aneurysms was in the anterior cerebral circulation, with identification of 27 middle cerebral artery aneurysms. Length of stay (LOS) ranged from 0-171 days with a mean of 11.97 days (SD = 19.9). Of the seven (7.7%) patients who expired, four (57%) experienced spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhages, with two (29%) occurring in the anterior communicating artery and one (14%) in the left middle cerebral artery and basilar artery respectively.
Conclusions: The typical presentation of a cerebral aneurysm is unruptured with a pre-dominance in middle-aged females. Our findings are congruent with the literature regarding the location of the aneurysm originating in the anterior circulation. However, most aneurysms in our clinical cohort were located on the MCA/ICA in contrast to the literature reported (i.e., most anterior communicating artery). Of those patients who presented unruptured, outpatient follow-up and routine monitoring were appropriate with medical management in the setting of small aneurysms. The risk of progression and subsequent rupture was relatively small in this patient cohort. Multi-year examinations of single institution comprehensive stroke centers regarding cerebral aneurysms would enable researchers to conduct regional analyses and comparisons to national and international trends.
Aneurysmal rupture, Cerebral aneurysm, Fisher, Hunt and Hess, Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage
Fiani B, De Stefano F, Cathel A, Soula M, Reardon T. Single Center Retrospective Analysis of Cerebral Aneurysms from a Patient Sample Data Collection at a Comprehensive Stroke Center. Spartan Medical Research Journal. 2022; 7(2). doi: 10.51894/001c.34494.