Patients with meningiomas may have reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL) due to postoperative neurological deficits, cognitive dysfunction, and psychosocial burden. Although advances in surgery and radiotherapy have improved progression-free survival rates, there is limited evidence regarding treatment outcomes on HRQoL. This review examines HRQoL outcomes based on tumor location and treatment modality. A systematic search in PubMed yielded 28 studies with 3167 patients. The mean age was 54.27 years and most patients were female (70.8%). Approximately 78% of meningiomas were located in the skull base (10.8% anterior, 23.3% middle, and 39.7% posterior fossae). Treatment modalities included craniotomy (73.6%), radiotherapy (11.4%), and endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) (4.0%). The Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) was the most commonly utilized HRQoL instrument (27%). Preoperative KPS scores > 80 were associated with increased occurrence of postoperative neurological deficits. A significant difference was found between pre- and post-operative KPS scores for anterior/middle skull base meningiomas (SBMs) in comparison to posterior (SBMs) when treated with craniotomy. Post-craniotomy SF-36 scores were lower for posterior SBMs in comparison to those in the anterior and middle fossae. Risk factors for poor neurological outcomes include a high preoperative KPS score and patients with posterior SBMs may experience a greater burden in HRQoL.
36-Item Short Form Health Survey, craniotomy, meningioma, quality of life, radiosurgery, skull base
San A, Rahman RK, Sanmugananthan P, Dubé MD, Panico N, Ariwodo O, Shah V, D'Amico RS. Health-Related Quality of Life Outcomes in Meningioma Patients Based upon Tumor Location and Treatment Modality: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Cancers. 2023; 15(19). doi: 10.3390/cancers15194680.