Frontiers in Nutrition
Background: It is well known that sarcopenia is a common risk factor in patients with gastrointestinal tumours, which may negatively affect the clinical outcome and prognosis. Recent studies suggest that serum creatinine-cystatin C (Cr/CysC) ratio may be associated with sarcopenia, but this association lacks sufficient evidence in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GIST). Therefore, this study aimed to investigate whether the Cr/CysC ratio was associated with sarcopenia and recurrence-free survival (RFS) in patients with GIST.
Materials and methods: The study retrospectively analysed 413 patients with GIST who underwent surgical resection from January 2016 to January 2020. The serum Cr/CysC ratio was determined as a proxy for sarcopenia by comparing it with various biomarkers and Cox multifactorial analysis was used to determine the relationship between Cr/CysC ratio and prognosis.
Results: Serum Cr/CysC was positively correlated with skeletal muscle area (SMA) (r = 0.256, p < 0.001), skeletal muscle index (SMI) (r = 0.300, p < 0.001), and hand grip strength (HGS) (r = 0.251, p < 0.001). The area under the receiver operator characteristic curve for sarcopenic subjects with serum Cr/CysC ratio was significantly greater than other biomarkers (Cr/CysC: 0.840, CysC: 0.732, Cr: 0.518). The optimal cut-off value for Cr/CysC was 0.65, and patients in the high Cr/CysC group had a higher 3-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) than those in the low Cr/CysC group (92.72 vs. 72.46%, p < 0.001). Cox multifactorial analysis found that the Cr/CysC ratio was an independent risk factor for RFS in GIST patients (HR = 2.143, 95% CI: 1.431-5.459, p = 0.011).
Conclusion: Serum Cr/CysC ratio has satisfactory and comparable diagnostic accuracy, and prognostic value for sarcopenia in patients with GIST. Therefore, it can be a simple and practical clinical tool to screen sarcopenia in GIST patients. However, further studies are required to validate these findings.
gastrointestinal stromal tumors, sarcopenia, serum Cr/CysC ratio, serum creatinine, serum cystatin C
Ding P, Guo H, Sun C, Chen S, Yang P, Tian Y, Lowe S, Zhao Q. Serum Creatinine/Cystatin C Ratio is a Systemic Marker of Sarcopenia in Patients With Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumours. Frontiers in Nutrition. 2022; 9. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2022.963265.