Patients Undergoing Revision Hip Arthroscopy with Labral Reconstruction or Augmentation Demonstrate Favorable Patient Reported Outcomes: A Systematic Review
Purpose: To review current literature evaluating patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and survivorship in patients undergoing revision hip arthroscopy with labral reconstruction or augmentation.
Methods: A systematic review was performed with the following key words: (revision) AND (hip OR femoroacetabular impingement) AND (arthroscopy OR arthroscopic) AND (reconstruction OR augmentation OR irreparable). PubMed, Cochrane Trials, and Scopus were queried in October 2022 using the criteria established in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA). Studies were included if they involved patients undergoing revision hip arthroscopy with labral reconstruction or augmentation and reported preoperative and postoperative PROs at minimum 2-year follow-up. Only original research articles were included. Survivorship was defined as a nonconversion to THA. Outcomes present in 3 or more studies underwent further statistical analysis with forest plots. Heterogeneity of studies was evaluated using the I2 statistic.
Results: Five studies were reviewed, including 359 revision hip arthroscopies (335 with complete follow-up) with a follow-up that ranged from 2.2 to 5.2 years. Four studies reported on outcomes after revision labral reconstruction and one study reported on labral augmentation. Two out of five included studies evaluated for statistical significance between preoperative and postoperative outcomes. Three out of five studies reported a rate of at least 70% for achieving MCID in at least one PRO. At minimum 2-year follow-up, survivorship ranged from 93.5% to 100%.
Conclusions: Patients that underwent revision hip arthroscopy with labral reconstruction or augmentation demonstrated improvement in PROs with mixed rates of achieving clinical benefit and rates of survivorship at minimum 2-year follow-up ranging from 93.5% to 100%.
Level of evidence: Level IV: systematic review of level III to IV studies.
Lee MS, Fong S, Lee AY, Norman M, Mahatme RJ, Pettinelli N, Park N, Gagné J, Gillinov SM, Islam W, Jimenez AE. Patients Undergoing Revision Hip Arthroscopy with Labral Reconstruction or Augmentation Demonstrate Favorable Patient Reported Outcomes: A Systematic Review. Arthroscopy. 2023; . doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2023.11.027.