In this case report, we discuss and explore the clinical, laboratory, and imaging findings, as well as the treatment options and follow-up measures, in an 83-year-old patient with idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis (IHP), a rare disorder characterized by fibrosing, hypertrophic inflammation that thickens the dura mater. An 83-year-old female with a medical history of hypertension and hyperlipidemia presented with speech arrest and was taken to the emergency department, where she received a stroke code, a CT scan, and an MRI. The MRI results showed a temporal lobe meningioma and a pan-cranial pachymeningitis encasing the entire brain and cerebellum and extending into the upper cervical spine. Multiple unsuccessful attempts at a lumbar puncture were made, so a dural biopsy specimen was obtained, which revealed no malignant process. A cerebral spinal fluid specimen (CSF) from the biopsy showed minimal white blood cells (WBCs) which ruled out infection. Idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis was the given diagnosis based on the apparent MRI findings. The patient was treated in the hospital for four days with IV methylprednisolone and discharged on oral methylprednisolone for four to six weeks.
neurologic disorder, dural biopsy, dural thickening, IHP, temporal meningioma, mri brain, inflammation of dura mater, asymptomatic meningitis, idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis, hypertrophic pachymeningitis
Venkat D, Vajrala KP, Amin H, Jensen R. An Incidental Finding of Idiopathic Hypertrophic Pachymeningitis: A Case Report. Cureus. 2024; 16(1). doi: 10.7759/cureus.52087.