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Publication Title

The Egyptian Heart Journal


Background: Surgically repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a congenital heart disease with a cumulative survival rate of 72% in the 4th decade of life in longitudinal single-cohort studies. Debate surrounds conservative versus surgical management in adults with TOF once pulmonary regurgitation occurs.

Case presentation: A 73-year-old male with surgically corrected TOF presented with heart failure symptoms. He underwent ToF repair with a classic right Blalock-Taussig shunt at 2 years of age with transannular patching at 18 years of age. Echocardiography revealed elevated right ventricular systolic pressures, severe right ventricular dilatation, and pulmonary regurgitation. Our patient's new-onset right-sided heart failure was managed medically with diuresis. He received a new pulmonic valve via percutaneous approach on a later planned hospitalization with resolution of symptoms and improved tricuspid regurgitation.

Conclusion: It is a class I recommendation for pulmonic valve intervention once greater than moderate PR occurs; however, medical optimization should take place first. Following adequate RV load optimization, our patient underwent successful transcatheter pulmonic valve implantation with resolution of symptoms and cessation of diuretic.



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Adult congenital heart disease, Guidelines, Heart failure, Pulmonic regurgitation, Seventh decade, Surgical repair, Tetralogy of Fallot