A Bibliometric Analysis of the Top 100 Most Influential Articles on Carotid Cavernous Fistulas

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World Neurosurgery


Objective: A carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is an abnormal communication between arteries and veins within the cavernous sinus and may be classified as either direct or indirect. This bibliometric analysis summarizes the most-cited articles on CCFs and highlights the contributing articles to today's evidence-based practice.

Methods: In the execution of this bibliometric-based review article, the Scopus database was used to perform a title-specific, keyword-based search for all publications until June 2022. The keyword "carotid cavernous fistula" was used. Our results were arranged in descending order based on the article's citation count. The 100 most-cited articles were selected for analysis. Parameters such as title, citation count, citations per year, authors, specialty of first author, institution, country of origin, publishing journal, Source Normalized Impact per Paper, and Hirsch index were collected.

Results: The keyword-based search showed that 1832 articles were published between 1963 and 2022 on CCFs. The top 100 articles were published between 1963 and 2018. The top 100 most-cited articles collected a total of 8797 citations with an average of 88 citations per paper. The rate of self-citations accounted for an average of 4.71% of the total number of citations.

Conclusion: The bibliometric analysis provides a quantitative overview of how medical topics and interventions are analyzed in academic medicine. In the present study, we evaluated the global trends in CCFs by finding the top 100 most-cited papers.



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Bibliometric analysis, Carotid cavernous fistula, Neurosurgery